Most of us know about recycling and that it’s good for the Earth.  From a very young age recycling was drilled into us and we knew the entire process by the time we were adults.  (Recycling is when old products are used to make brand new products).  However, up until recently, I’m not afraid to say that I personally had no idea what compost was. I knew it was good for the environment but the exact process was a complete mystery to me.  So what is “composting”? Composting, it’s actually quite similar to recycling if you think about it. Although compost material doesn’t go towards new commercial products, compost materials are still being used again- instead of sitting somewhere in a dump. Compost materials are broken down and used to give nutrients to soil, like fertilizer.  When the same materials are in dumps, since there is a lack of oxygen, they produce harmful greenhouse gases. Unlike when you compost, when you compost there is oxygen so it doesn’t emit greenhouse gases.  Meaning that composting is better for the Earth, and also works as a great fertilizer! However, like recycling, not everything can be composted. Things that can be composted include (lists provided by




Tea bags

Grass cuttings

Vegetable peelings, salad leaves and fruit scraps

Old flowers and nettles

Coffee grounds and filter paper

Spent bedding plants

Rhubarb leaves

Young annual weeds (e.g. chickweed)



Crushed egg shells

Egg and cereal boxes

Corrugated cardboard and paper (scrunched up)

Toilet and kitchen roll tubes

Garden pruning

Twigs and hedge clippings

Straw and hay

Bedding from vegetarian pets

Ashes from wood, paper and lump-wood charcoal

Sawdust and wood chippings


Woody clippings

Cotton threads and string (made from natural fibre)


Vacuum bag contents

Old natural fibre clothes (cut into small pieces)

Tissues, paper towels and napkins

Shredded confidential documents

Corn cobs and stalks



“How to Compost at Home.” Get Composting. Straight Ltd. Web. 14 Dec. 2015.